ADUA - St. Anthony's Basilica
Basilica of St. Anthony is one of the major Catholic focal points in the city of Padua, in Italy's Veneto region.
Known by Paduans simply as "il Santo" (The Holy One), it is one of the largest churches in the world and is visited annually by over 6.5 million pilgrims, making it one of the most revered shrines in the Christian world. It is not, however, Padua's cathedral, which is known as the "Duomo". Within lie the relics of Saint Anthony of Padua.
The square in front hosts the equestrian monument to the Gattamelata by Donatello. Donatello also created the bronze sculptures – the Crucifix of the basilica of the saint, and various statues and panels – that Camillo Boito placed on the high altar he designed. It is a Papal Basilica, which places it directly under the administration of the Holy See itself, thus enjoying the right of extraterritoriality. The current papal delegate is Archbishop Giovanni Tonucci, prelate of Loreto and pontifical delegate of the Shrine of the Holy House. The pastoral care and administrative management of the Basilica of St. Anthony are regulated by the Memorias Sanctorum of Pope John Paul II  Apostolic Constitution, which defines the tasks and relationships between the pontifical delegation, the Franciscans, and the Venerable Ark of St. Anthony, which has served continuously as the vestry of the Basilica complex since 1396.
VENICE, St. Mark's Square
Piazza San Marco, located in
Venice, is one of the most important Italian squares, renowned throughout the world for its beauty and architectural integrity, it is the largest square in Venice. It is the only urban area in Venice that takes the name of the square, because all the other spaces in the form of square are known as fields ("campi"). The square has a trapezoidal shape and is 170 metres long. Other areas are connected to it. It is also known as "la Piazza" (the Square) or "il salotto d'Europa" ("Europe's drawing room").
The square itself – that is, the enclosed area between the Old and New Procuratie and the "brand new" Procuratie – features an architectural development of rare beauty in the form of the monumental eponymous basilica and, facing it, the soaring, St. Mark's bell tower. The Basilica overlooks the square with a marble facade dating from the thirteenth century, when mosaics, bas-reliefs and a many heterogeneous materials were added. This gives it its characteristic polychrome appearance, which combines with the complex chiaroscuro effects due to multiform openings and the interplay of volumes. The two entrances at each end (the southern one, dedicated to San Clemente, dating from the eleventh century and the middle one to the next) were built with Arab-influenced inflected arched gables, possibly designed to recall Alexandria, where San Marco was martyred. The minor doors came later, to an old design. The only original mosaic among those in the facade is the one above the first door on the left; the others date back to the XVII and XIX centuries and imitate those they replaced.